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P111,112,113,114 - Canada - Toronto

The CN Tower ,Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Winter aglow in Nathan Philip's Square, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Ontario Legislative Building, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Old City Hall, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Toronto is the most populous city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario. It is located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. With over 2.5 million residents, it is the fifth most populous municipality in North America. Toronto is at the heart of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), and is part of a densely populated region in Southern Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe, which is home to 8.1 million residents and has approximately 25% of Canada's population. The census metropolitan area (CMA) had a population of 5,113,149, and the Greater Toronto Area had a population of 5,555,912 in the 2006 Census.

As Canada's economic capital, Toronto is considered a global city and is one of the top financial centres in the world. Toronto's leading economic sectors include finance, business services, telecommunications, aerospace, transportation, media, arts, film, television production, publishing, software production, medical research, education, tourism and sports industries. The Toronto Stock Exchange, the world's seventh largest, is headquartered in the city, along with a majority of Canada's corporations.

Toronto's population is cosmopolitan and international, reflecting its role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. Toronto is one of the world's most diverse cities by percentage of non-native-born residents, as about 49% of the population were born outside of Canada.Because of the city's low crime rates, clean environment, high standard of living, and friendlier attitudes to diversity, Toronto is consistently rated as one of the world's most livable cities by the Economist Intelligence Unit and the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. In addition, Toronto was ranked as the most expensive Canadian city in which to live in 2006[update]. Residents of Toronto are called Torontonians.

The CN Tower, located in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a communications and observation tower standing 553.33 metres (1,815.4 ft) tall. It surpassed the height of the Ostankino Tower while still under construction in 1975, becoming the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world. On September 12, 2007, after holding the record for 31 years, the CN Tower was surpassed in height by the still-under-construction Burj Dubai. It remains the tallest free-standing structure in the Americas and the signature icon of Toronto's skyline, attracting more than two million international visitors annually.

Despite the loss of its title as the world's tallest freestanding structure, the CN Tower remains a symbol of Canada.

CN originally referred to Canadian National, the railway company that built the tower. Following the railway's decision to divest non-core freight railway assets, prior to the company's privatization in 1995 it transferred the tower to the Canada Lands Company, a federal Crown corporation responsible for real estate development. Since local residents wished to retain the name CN Tower, the abbreviation is now said to expand to Canada's National Tower rather than the original Canadian National Tower; however, neither of these are commonly used.

In 1995, the CN Tower was declared one of the modern Seven Wonders of the World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. It also belongs to the World Federation of Great Towers.

Nathan Phillips Square is an urban plaza that forms the forecourt to Toronto City Hall, or New City Hall, at the intersection of Queen Street West and Bay Street, and named for Nathan Phillips, mayor of Toronto from 1955 to 1962. The square opened in 1965, and, as with the City Hall, the square was designed by architect Viljo Revell. The square is the site of concerts, art displays, a weekly farmers' market, the winter festival of lights, and other public events, including demonstrations.

The Ontario Legislative Building (also known informally as Queen's Park, or the Ontario Legislature) is a structure in central Toronto, Ontario, that houses the viceregal suite of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, and offices for members of the provincial parliament (MPPs). The building is surrounded by Queen's Park, sitting on that part south of Wellesley Street, which is the former site of King's College (later the University of Toronto), and which is leased from the university by the provincial Crown for a peppercorn payment of CAD$1 per annum on a 999 year term.

Toronto's Old City Hall was home to its city council from 1899 to 1966 and remains one of the city's most prominent structures. It is at the corner of Queen and Bay Streets, opposite the new City Hall in the centre of downtown Toronto. It has a distinctive clock tower which heads the length of Bay Street from Front to Queen. The tower stands 104m tall (340 ft).

Work on the Romanesque Revival building designed by E.J. Lennox began in 1889. Lennox "signed" his name in scrollwork around the first floor exterior. When it opened on September 18, 1899 it was the largest building in Toronto, and the largest municipal building in North America.

The clock face stands at 6 metres.

Toronto City Council moved to the new city hall in 1965, and soon after plans were made to start construction of the Toronto Eaton Centre. The original plans called for old City Hall to be knocked down and replaced by a number of skyscrapers, leaving only the cenotaph (or in one plan, the clock tower) in the front. Public outcry forced authorities to abandon these plans. Currently the building is leased by the provincial government and is used as a court house for the Ontario Court of Justice.

An annex to this building, Manning Chambers, was demolished to make way for the current Toronto City Hall.

The building is sometimes used to film movies and television shows, such as This is Wonderland, Flashpoint and Dirty Pictures. The building features prominently in the novel Old City Hall, by Robert Rotenberg.



多伦多的国际性人口体现出它是前往加拿大移民的重要落脚点。 而市内49%的人口是在加拿大以外诞生,也造就多伦多成为世上种族最多样化的城市之一。目前多伦多的低犯罪率、洁净的环境、高生活水准、以及对多样文化的包容性,令该市被多个经济学智囊团列为世界上最宜居的城市之一。另一方面,多伦多于2006年被列为加拿大生活成本最高的城市。


西恩塔(英語:CN Tower),正式名稱為加拿大國家電視塔或加拿大國家塔,是一座電視塔與地標建築,「CN」最初是Canadian National首字母的縮寫,現在則是Canada's National的縮寫,但兩個名稱皆不常使用。地點位於加拿大安大略省的多倫多。塔高553.33米,是世界上第二高的自立式建築物。該塔被認為是多倫多市的標誌性建築,每年吸引超過200萬人次參觀。自從在1976年落成後,該塔一直被健力士世界紀錄大全紀錄為最高的建築物。但從專業角度看,加拿大國家電視塔並不是一個建築物。

加拿大國家電視塔由加拿大國家鐵路公司(Canadian National Railway)於1976年建造,目的是顯示加拿大強大的工業。最初只是被設計為傳送廣播電視信號的天線,305米高度處有用於傳送預告信號的微波接收器。而廣播天線位於塔的最頂端。電視塔內建有高447米的金屬階梯,有1,776級,是世界上最高的金屬階梯。這些階梯用於緊急用途。

1995年,加拿大國家電視塔被美國土木工程協會(American Society of Civil Engineers)收入現代世界七大奇迹。同時是世界高塔聯盟(World Federation of Great Towers)的成員之一。


安省省級議會(即 安大略省立法會)是加拿大安省的立法部門。它位於安省多倫多的皇后公園內的立法會大樓。

老市政厅,由多伦多著名建筑师爱德华詹姆士尼洛克斯 Edward James Lennox 设计,他的作品包括卡萨罗玛城堡 (Casa Loma) 和爱德华王酒店 (King Edward Hotel)。老市政厅耗资250万元,历时近十年才建成,当它在1899年9月由当时的市长萧约翰 (John Shaw) 揭幕时,不仅是当时市内最大的建筑,也是北美最大的市政厅。


References sources : Wikipedia, 多伦多旅游局

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