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P119 - USA - The Salt Lake Temple

Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

The Salt Lake Temple is the largest (of more than 120 around the world) and best-known temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is the sixth temple built by the church overall, and the fourth operating temple built since the Mormon exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois.

The Salt Lake Temple is the centerpiece of the 10 acre (40,000 m²) Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. Although there are no public tours inside the temple (because it is considered sacred by the church and its members, a temple recommend is required), the temple grounds are open to the public and are a popular tourist attraction. Due to its location at LDS Church headquarters and its historical significance, it is patronized much by Latter-day Saints from many parts of the world.

The Salt Lake Temple is also the location of the weekly meetings of the First Presidency and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.As such, there are special meeting rooms in the Salt Lake Temple for these purposes, including the Holy of Holies, which are not present in other temples.

The official name of the Salt Lake Temple is also unique. In the early 2000s, as the building of LDS temples accelerated dramatically, the Church announced a formal naming convention for all existing and future temples. For temples located in the United States and Canada, the name of the temple is generally the city or town in which the temple is located, followed by the name of the applicable state or province (with no comma). For temples outside of the U.S. and Canada, the name of the temple is generally the city name (as above) followed by the name of the country. However, for reasons on which the Church did not elaborate (possibly due to the historical significance and worldwide prominence of the temple), the Salt Lake Temple was granted an exception to the new rule and thus avoided being renamed the Salt Lake City Utah Temple.

Temple Square is a ten acre (40,000 m²) complex located in Salt Lake City, Utah, owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormon or LDS Church). In recent years, the usage of the name has gradually changed to include several other church facilities immediately adjacent to Temple Square. Contained within Temple Square proper are the Salt Lake Temple, Salt Lake Tabernacle, Salt Lake Assembly Hall, the Seagull Monument and two visitors' centers.

盐湖城(Salt Lake City,S.L.C.),是美国犹他州的首府和最大城市,市内人口181,743(2000年),大都市区人口为1,018,826人,名列美国西部内陆城市的第三位,仅次于丹佛和菲尼克斯。如果包括了萨米特县及图埃勒县总人口达1,018,826人。盐湖城位于一个更大的市区称为Wasatch Front,以及在2003年为止Ogden-Clearfield都会区是盐湖城的一部份。[2]在Wasatch Front总人口数目达2,150,000。城市位于一个山谷的北端,海拔1,320 m。周围的高山海拔达到3,582 m。以紧靠大盐湖而得名。




盐湖城都市区是美国的金融中心,商业中心along the rapidly-growing Wasatch Front, 以及是渡假胜地、其他小镇及国家公园的入口,包括犹他公园城、Snowbird滑雪渡假村及Arches国家公园。


References sources : Wikipedia

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