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P149 - Germany - Hanseatic City of Lübeck

Lubeck, Germany (UNESCO WHS)

Lübeck is the second largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. It was for several centuries the "capital" of the Hanseatic League ("Queen of the Hanse") and because of its Brick Gothic architectural heritage is on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. In 2005 it has a population of 213,983.

Situated at the Trave River, Lübeck is the largest German port on the Baltic Sea. The old part of the town is an island enclosed by the Trave. The Elbe-Lübeck Canal connects the Trave with the Elbe River. Another important river near the town centre is the Wakenitz. Autobahn 1 connects Lübeck with Hamburg and Denmark (Vogelfluglinie). The borough Travemünde is a sea resort and ferry port at the coast of the Baltic Sea.

Much of the old town has kept a medieval look with old buildings and narrow streets. The town once could only be entered by passing one of four town gates, of which two remain today, the well-known Holstentor (1478) and the Burgtor (1444).

The old town centre is dominated by seven church steeples. The oldest ones are the Lübecker Dom (the city's cathedral) and the Marienkirche (Saint Mary's), both from the 13th and 14th centuries.

Other sights include:
* the Lübecker Rathaus (Town Hall).
* Saint Catherine Church, Lübeck, a church that belonged to a former monastery, now the Katharineum, a Latin school.
* Thomas Mann's house.
* Günter Grass' house.
* Church of St. Lawrence, located on the site of a cemetery of people dead during the 16th century plague.
* Church of St. Jacob (Lübecker Jakobikirche, 1334).
* the Salzspeicher, historic warehouses where salt delivered from Lüneburg awaited shipment to Baltic ports.



七座教堂的尖顶俯视着吕贝克的中心,其中最古老的是建于13至14世纪的主教大教堂和圣玛丽教堂。以前,进入吕贝克只能通过四座城门,其中最有名的是荷爾斯登城門 (Holstentor) 。整个老城至今仍保持着中世纪的风貌,城中到处是古老的建筑和狭窄的小巷。

References sources : Wikipedia

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