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P251 - Romania - Sucevita Monastery

Sucevita Monastery, Romania (UNESCO WHS)

Suceviţa Monastery is an Eastern Orthodox convent situated in the Northeastern part of Romania. It is situated near the Suceviţa River, in the village Suceviţa, 18 km away from the city of Rădăuţi, Suceava County. It is located in the southern part of the historical region of Bukovina. It was built in 1585 by Ieremia Movilă, Gheorghe Movila and Simion Movila.

The architecture ot the church contains both Byzantine and gothic elements, and some elements typical to other painted churches of northern Moldavia. Both interior and exterior walls are covered by mural paintings, which are of great artistic value and depict biblical episodes from the Old and New Testament. The paintings date from around 1601, which makes Suceviţa one of the last monasteries to be decorated in the famous Moldavian style of exterior paintings.

The interior court of the monastic ensemble is almost square (100 by 104 meters) and is surrounded by high (6 m), wide (3 m) walls. There are several other defensive structures within the ensemble, including four towers (one in each corner).

苏丝维塔修道院(Suceviţa Monastery)壁画修建于1582年至1584年,是农民艺术家Ion和Sofronie于1596年7月26 日完成的壁画。同时也是最后一座关于“摩尔达维亚凯旋”的杰作,也成为了最让人敬仰的罗马尼亚壁画修道院,走近其中,你会发现墙体大概有6米高,3米厚的样子,修道院的城墙如堡垒般在四角建有哨塔。最为醒目的是修道院南墙上的《杰西的树》的主题壁画,希腊哲学家也参与了整个画面的构造设计,让它具有一定的神秘感觉,其中的画面结构是由基督教门徒族谱构成,画面展示的是以睡眠中的杰西为根部,从他身上延伸出来的树干与枝叶慢慢发展为各个基督教的门徒,一片树叶一个人物,类似于我们东方佛教的图腾,画面的颜色光鲜亮丽。这是罗马尼亚壁画教堂景点人物最多的一处。

References sources : wikipedia, airchinanews

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