Powered By

Skin Design: Jasmine85

Powered by Blogger

P490 - Spain - Sagrada Família, Barcelona


Sagrada Família, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (UNESCO WHS)




The Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (official Catalan name; Spanish: Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia; "Expiatory Church of the Holy Family"), often simply called the Sagrada Família, is a massive, privately-funded Roman Catholic church that has been under construction in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain since 1882 and is not expected to be complete until at least 2026. A portion of the building's interior is scheduled to open for public worship and tours by September 2010.

Considered the master-work of renowned Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926), the project's vast scale and idiosyncratic design have made it one of Barcelona's (and Spain's) top tourist attractions for many years. The church is to be consecrated by Pope Benedict XVI on November 7, 2010, during his visit to Santiago de Compostela and Barcelona.


神聖家族教堂(簡稱聖家堂,全名神聖家族贖罪教堂 - Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família)是西班牙巴塞羅那的一個教堂,從1882年修建,因為是贖罪教堂,資金的來源主要靠捐款,捐款的多少直接影響到工程進度的快慢,所以至今還未完工,是世界上唯一一個,還未完工就被列為世界遺產的建築物。這個教堂不是大主教做弥撒的地方,所以不是大教堂,只是個設計特別的教堂而已,而且,雖然已建了126年還未完工,但和德國耗時600年才建好的科隆大教堂比起來,根本算不上「世界上耗時最長的工程」。

神聖家族教堂的建築屬於西班牙「加泰隆現代主義Catalan Modernisme」(屬於新藝術運動,與二十世紀初的現代主義Modernism並不相同)建築,1882年動工時,由Josep Maria Bocabella領導的Asociación Josefina y del Templo宗教團體出錢,由建築師Francesc de Paula del Villar開始興建,一年後,建築師Francesc de Paula del Villar因設計的教堂成本太高,和宗教團體意見不合,辭職而去,才由年僅31歲的安東尼·高第接手。高第接手後,聖壇地下室已在建造中,無法修改設計圖,所以他按照第一任建築師Francesc de Paula del Villar的設計圖建完聖壇地下室,然後把整個教堂重新設計,把Francesc de Paula del Villar原先設計的新哥德式教堂改為加泰隆現代主義建築。高第一生43年的心血都花在這個教堂的設計上,1925年後還乾脆搬到教堂的工地去住,全心全意設計教堂,直到1926年他遇車禍死亡為止,一直不斷的研究教堂的結構設計,去世時留下了許多寶貴的資料、設計稿和模型,但是在西班牙內戰時被毀壞,而工程也停頓到1954年才再次動工。

這個教堂的設計帶有強烈的自然色彩,高第以很多動植物的形態為藍本來設計教堂,更以《聖經》中的各個場景在整個建築中如同圖畫一樣逐幅展現,使這個教堂成為每個來訪者都可以讀到的一本教義問答書。

這個教堂有東、西、南三個門面:「誕生門面」、「受難門面」和「榮耀門面」。每個門面都會建有四座鐘塔,共計十二座,分別代表耶穌的十二個門徒。除此之外,建築的中央另有六座高塔,其中四座代表聖經四福音作者,馬太、馬可、路加以及約翰,一座代表聖母瑪利亞,一座代表耶穌基督。所以整個聖家堂的設計當中總共將建造十八座高塔。代表門徒的十二座高塔的高度介於98.4米 和117米,代表福音作者的四座高塔高達120米,代表聖母瑪利亞的高塔高達120米,代表耶穌基督的高塔高達170米。

大部分的設計都未在高第生前真正建成。聖壇地下室建於1889 - 1892年,「誕生門面」建於1892 - 1930年,高第去世於1926年,「受難門面」建於1954 - 1977年,偏殿和中殿建於1978 - 2000年,「榮耀門面」還在建造當中,教堂中間的六座高塔還沒開始建造。

現在已建好、可以參觀的是「誕生門面」和「受難門面」。「誕生門面」以基督的誕生為題,牆上的雕塑展現了由童貞瑪利亞懷胎到基督長成的故事,因是歡迎慶祝基督誕生,以歡喜愉悅的雕塑為主。「受難門面」以基督的死亡為題,高第為了表現受難的痛苦,設計了有棱有角的現代線條,雕刻家Josep M. Subirachs按照高第留下的圖稿刻出了由最後的晚餐到基督被釘十架,到基督升天的故事。

從高第以後,現在的建築師Jordi Bonet已是第四代了,目前,三個門面已建好「誕生門面」和「受難門面」,十八座高塔已建好「誕生門面」的四座鐘塔和「受難門面」的四座鐘塔,還差十座高塔,整個建築完成了將近50%,預計還要二、三十年才會完工。


References sources : wikipedia

Share Bookmark:

1 comments:

Lay Hoon aka mescrap said...

This is such luxuries !!!

Post a Comment

Related Posts with Thumbnails

Sign by Danasoft - Get Your Free Sign

jasmine8559 - View my 'UNESCO' postcards on Flickriver
jasmine8559 - View My 'Wishlist' on Flickriver

Postcards Countries

Svalbard Spain United States of America Antarctica South Georgia Falkland Islands Bolivia Peru Ecuador Colombia Venezuela Guyana Suriname French Guiana Brazil Paraguay Uruguay Argentina Chile Greenland Canada United States of America United States of America Israel Jordan Cyprus Qatar United Arab Emirates Oman Yemen Saudia Arabia Iraq Afghanistan Turkmenistan Iran Syria Singapore China Mongolia Papua New Guinea Brunei Indonesia Malaysia Malaysia Tiawan Philippines Vietnam Cambodia Laos Thailand Burma Bangladesh Sri Lanka India Bhutan Nepal Pakistan Afghanistan Turkmenistan Tajikistan Kyrgyzstan Uzbekistan Japan North Korea South Korea Russia Kazakhstan Russia Montenegro Portugal Azerbaijan Armenia Georgia Ukraine Moldova Belarus Romania Bulgaria Macedonia Serbia Bosonia & Herzegovina Turkey Greece Albania Croatia Hungary Slovakia Slovenia Malta Spain Portugal Spain France Italy Italy Austria Switzerland Belgium France Ireland United Kingdom Norway Sweden Finland Estonia Latvia Lithuania Russia Poland Czech Republic Germany Denmark The Netherlands Iceland El Salvador Guatemala Panama Costa Rica Nicaragua Honduras Belize Mexico Trinidad & Tobago Puerto Rico Dominican Republic Haiti Jamaica The Bahamas Cuba Vanuatu Australia Solomon Islands Fiji New Caledonia New Zealand Eritrea Ethiopia Djibouti Somalia Kenya Uganda Tanzania Rwanda Burundi Madagascar Namibia Botswana South Africa Lesotho Swaziland Zimbabwe Mozambique Malawi Zambia Angola Democratic Repbulic of Congo Republic of Congo Gabon Equatorial Guinea Central African Republic Cameroon Nigeria Togo Ghana Burkina Fassu Cote d'Ivoire Liberia Sierra Leone Guinea Guinea Bissau The Gambia Senegal Mali Mauritania Niger Western Sahara Sudan Chad Egypt Libya Tunisia Morocco Algeria
Map Legend: 26%, 70 of 263 Territories
 Postcards received from 


ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBelarusBrazilBulgariaCanadaChinaChileCyprusDenmarkEgyptIrelandEstoniaCzech RepublicFinlandFranceGuernseyGermanyGreeceHong KongCroatiaHungaryIcelandIndonesiaIndiaIranIsraelItalyJapanKorea, SouthLatviaLithuaniaSlovakiaLuxembourgMacauMontenegroMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMoroccoMauritiusOmanMexicoMalaysiaNetherlandsNorwayNew ZealandPeruPolandPortugalSerbiaRomaniaPhilippinesRussiaSouth AfricaSloveniaSingaporeSpainSwedenSwitzerlandUnited Arab EmiratesThailandTurkeyTaiwanUnited KingdomUkraineUnited StatesUruguayVietnam

Free money making opportunity
Postcards Exchange